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Computational Neuroscience Journal Club

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Rodrigo Echeveste.

Guillaume Hennequin will cover:

• Unsupervised Discovery of Demixed, Low-Dimensional Neural Dynamics across Multiple Timescales through Tensor Component Analysis

• Alex H. Williams, Tony Hyun Kim, Forea Wang, Saurabh Vyas, Stephen I. Ryu, Krishna V. Shenoy, Mark Schnitzer, Tamara G. Kolda, Surya Ganguli

• Neuron (2018)

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2018.05.015

Abstract: Perceptions, thoughts, and actions unfold over millisecond timescales, while learned behaviors can require many days to mature. While recent experimental advances enable large-scale and long-term neural recordings with high temporal fidelity, it remains a formidable challenge to extract unbiased and interpretable descriptions of how rapid single-trial circuit dynamics change slowly over many trials to mediate learning. We demonstrate a simple tensor component analysis (TCA) can meet this challenge by extracting three interconnected, low-dimensional descriptions of neural data: neuron factors, reflecting cell assemblies; temporal factors, reflecting rapid circuit dynamics mediating perceptions, thoughts, and actions within each trial; and trial factors, describing both long-term learning and trial-to-trial changes in cognitive state. We demonstrate the broad applicability of TCA by revealing insights into diverse datasets derived from artificial neural networks, large-scale calcium imaging of rodent prefrontal cortex during maze navigation, and multielectrode recordings of macaque motor cortex during brain machine interface learning.

This talk is part of the Computational Neuroscience series.

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