University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > BPI Seminar Series > The world in a bowl of mush: solidification and fluid flow from the inner core to the Arctic Ocean

The world in a bowl of mush: solidification and fluid flow from the inner core to the Arctic Ocean

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If you have a question about this talk, please contact Anne Alexander.

Lunch will be in the open plan area at 12.30

The processes of solidification play a significant role in a whole host of geophysical systems—from solidification of the Earth’s core, to the formation of ice in the polar oceans. The presence of impurities in these systems changes not only the crystal structure of the solid formed, but can also drive large scale flows through segregation of the impurity upon solidification. In this seminar I will investigate the coupling of external hydrodynamics with the growth of a dendritic array of crystals, termed a mushy layer. We show how the natural buoyant modes of convection can be superseded by a forced mode of convection for sufficiently vigorous external flows. In the case of an ammonium chloride mushy layer grown in a laboratory flume, these forced flows give rise to dramatic changes in the local solid fraction of the crystal network. The physical mechanisms coupling crystal growth and external hydrodynamics are investigated theoretically by means of a full linear stability analysis and are compared with experimental results.

This talk is part of the BPI Seminar Series series.

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