University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Centre for Atmospheric Science seminars, Chemistry Dept. > Present day anthropogenic climate forcings: The impact of including Earth System interactions

Present day anthropogenic climate forcings: The impact of including Earth System interactions

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Quantifying forcings from anthropogenic perturbations to the Earth System (ES) is important for understanding changes in climate since the pre-industrial period. In this presentation, we quantify and analyse a wide range of present-day (PD) anthropogenic climate forcings with the UK’s Earth System Model (ESM), UKESM1 , following the protocols defined by the Radiative Forcing Model Intercomparison Project (RFMIP) and the Aerosol and Chemistry Model Intercomparison Project (AerChemMIP). In particular, by quantifying effective radiative forcings (ERFs) that include rapid adjustments within a full ESM , it enables the role of various climate-chemistry-aerosol-cloud feedbacks to be quantified.

By including feedbacks between greenhouse gases, stratospheric and tropospheric ozone, aerosols, and clouds, some of which act non-linearly, this work demonstrates the importance of ES interactions when quantifying climate forcing. It also suggests that rapid adjustments need to include chemical as well as physical adjustments to fully account for complex ES interactions.

This talk is part of the Centre for Atmospheric Science seminars, Chemistry Dept. series.

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