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Collective efficacy and violence in London

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A seminal paper in Science by Sampson, Raudenbush and Earls (1997) empirically tests propositions raised by social disorganisation theory on data from Chicago. We attempt to replicate the Sampson et al. analysis, as well as building upon it, using data from the whole of London and Greater London. Using a unique dataset collected for the Metropolitan Police Service, we examine the relationship between collective efficacy, deprivation and crime. In keeping with the Sampson et al. (1997) paper, we find that collective efficacy does appear to mediate the relationship between disadvantage, residential mobility and crime in some circumstances. However, we do not find as strong or as regular an effect as the original paper. Reasons for this are discussed, alongside suggestions for future research.

This talk is part of the Social Psychology Seminar Series (SPSS) series.

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