|COOKIES: By using this website you agree that we can place Google Analytics Cookies on your device for performance monitoring.|
Land use / land cover change and malaria risk in the Amazon region
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Microsoft Research Cambridge Talks Admins.
This event may be recorded and made available internally or externally via http://research.microsoft.com. Microsoft will own the copyright of any recordings made. If you do not wish to have your image/voice recorded please consider this before attending
Large-scale forest conservation projects are underway in the Amazon region but little is known regarding their public health impact. Current literature emphasizes how land clearing increases malaria incidence, leading to the conclusion that forest conservation decreases malaria burden. Yet, there is also evidence that proximity to forest fringes increases malaria incidence, which implies the opposite relationship between forest conservation and malaria.
In this presentation, I will report findings from a detailed individual-level study conducted in a rural settlement area in Acre State and from a analysis of malaria data encompassing an unprecedented geographical scale (~4.5 million km2). We show that proximity to forest fringes substantially enhance malaria risk, much more so than land clearing (the often cited culprit of malaria in the region). We find that cities close to protected areas (PA’s) tend to have higher malaria incidence than cities far from PA’s. Using future LULC scenarios, we show that avoiding 10% of deforestation through better governance might result in an average 2-fold increase in malaria incidence by 2050 in urban health posts.
Our results suggest that cost analysis of reduced carbon emissions from conservation efforts in the region should account for increased malaria morbidity, and that conservation initiatives should consider adopting malaria mitigation strategies. Coordinated actions from disparate science fields, government ministries, and global initiatives, will be required to decrease malaria toll in the region while preserving these important ecosystems.
This talk is part of the Microsoft Research Cambridge, public talks series.
This talk is included in these lists:
Note that ex-directory lists are not shown.
Other listsEmerge Cambridge Meeting the Challenge of Healthy Ageing in the 21st Century Department of Pharmacology Lecture Theatre, Tennis Court Road
Other talksIgA-mediated enchained growth mediates protection and modulates bacterial evolution in the intestinal lumen Prof Peter Parham: Resurrecting an Intermediate in the Evolution of Human HLA-C specific NK Cell Receptors Turbulent transport and mixing of oceanic sea salt aerosol over the Indian sub-continent: Cloud microphysical and geo-engineering implications TBC (SP Workshop) Modelling the Last Glacial-Interglacial Cycle: How sensitive are past climates? Are humans the new geology?