|COOKIES: By using this website you agree that we can place Google Analytics Cookies on your device for performance monitoring.|
Land use / land cover change and malaria risk in the Amazon region
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Microsoft Research Cambridge Talks Admins.
This event may be recorded and made available internally or externally via http://research.microsoft.com. Microsoft will own the copyright of any recordings made. If you do not wish to have your image/voice recorded please consider this before attending
Large-scale forest conservation projects are underway in the Amazon region but little is known regarding their public health impact. Current literature emphasizes how land clearing increases malaria incidence, leading to the conclusion that forest conservation decreases malaria burden. Yet, there is also evidence that proximity to forest fringes increases malaria incidence, which implies the opposite relationship between forest conservation and malaria.
In this presentation, I will report findings from a detailed individual-level study conducted in a rural settlement area in Acre State and from a analysis of malaria data encompassing an unprecedented geographical scale (~4.5 million km2). We show that proximity to forest fringes substantially enhance malaria risk, much more so than land clearing (the often cited culprit of malaria in the region). We find that cities close to protected areas (PA’s) tend to have higher malaria incidence than cities far from PA’s. Using future LULC scenarios, we show that avoiding 10% of deforestation through better governance might result in an average 2-fold increase in malaria incidence by 2050 in urban health posts.
Our results suggest that cost analysis of reduced carbon emissions from conservation efforts in the region should account for increased malaria morbidity, and that conservation initiatives should consider adopting malaria mitigation strategies. Coordinated actions from disparate science fields, government ministries, and global initiatives, will be required to decrease malaria toll in the region while preserving these important ecosystems.
This talk is part of the Microsoft Research Cambridge, public talks series.
This talk is included in these lists:
Note that ex-directory lists are not shown.
Other listsGut feeling: how bacteria influence our wellbeing Cambridge University Mountaineering Club Physics of Living Matter Part III course (PLM)
Other talksWSN: Building Resilience at Work Observing Quasars that Switch Off. And back On again: What we are learning, and still don't understand, about the active central engines. Postgraduate Diploma in Entrepreneurship webinar Can we exploit companion dogs to advance therapies for spinal cord injury? WSN: Building Resilience at Work How ice sheets collapse: a lesson from the Laurentide Ice Sheet