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Nonlocal transport equations and systems: from particle description to large time asymptotics

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  • UserMarco Di Francesco (University of Bath)
  • ClockThursday 20 June 2013, 10:50-11:40
  • HouseMR12.

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Aggregation phenomena in microbiology and animal biology can be often described by PDEs of “transport” type, with a “nonlocal” velocity field. I shall quickly provide a formal derivation of those PDEs from particle-based ODEs. I shall then highlight their variational structure, which often leads to well-posedness in a probability-measure sense. A major issue is providing a mathematical description of the emergence (or not) of collective behaviour, or “multiple” behaviour in the large-time asymptotics, depending on the choice of the initial conditions or other parameters. This issue has been partly investigated in the recent literature (cf. chemotaxis with two species). I will briefly describe recent results on the existence and uniqueness of non-trivial steady states for a model with quadratic diffusion (in collaboration with M. Burger), and a recent work in preparation on the finite time blow up and “multiple collapse” for a “purely nonlocal” model with two species of agents (with S. Fagioli, PhD student from L’Aquila). Finally, I shall focus on the derivation of a “mildly” singular repulsive model as “large particle limit” of discrete ODE systems in one space dimension (in collaboration with G. A. Bonaschi, J. A. Carrillo, and M. Peletier), and its interplay with the theory of entropy solutions for scalar conservation laws.

This talk is part of the Conference on Mathematical Topics in Kinetic Theory series.

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