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The role of bubble shape in the coarsening of wet 2d foams

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Foams and Minimal Surfaces

Co-authors: Adam Roth (UPenn Physics), Chris Jones (UPenn Physics), Anthony Chieco (UPenn Physics), Jennifer Rieser (UPenn Physics)

We report on the statistics of bubble size, topology, and shape and on their role in the coarsening dynamics for foams consisting of bubbles compressed between two parallel plates. The design of the sample cell permits control of the liquid content, through a constant pressure condition set by the height of the foam above a liquid reservoir. We find that in the scaling regime, all bubble distributions are independent not only of time but also of liquid content. For coarsening, the average rate decreases with liquid content due to the blocking of gas diffusion by Plateau borders inflated with liquid; we achieve a factor of four reduction from the dry limit. By observing the growth rate of individual bubbles, we find that vonNeumann’s law becomes progressively violated with increasing wetness and with decreasing bubble size. We successfully model this behavior by explicitly incorporating the border blocking effect into the vonNeumann argument. Two dimensionless bubbl e shape parameters naturally arise, one of which is primarily responsible for the violation of von~Neumann’s law for foams that are not perfectly dry.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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