University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Plant Sciences Departmental Seminars > Discovery of methylation loci and analyses of differential methylation in Dicer-like mutants of Arabidopsis

Discovery of methylation loci and analyses of differential methylation in Dicer-like mutants of Arabidopsis

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Cytosine methylation arises from the addition of a methyl group to a cytosine’s C5 carbon residue. Cytosine methylation is widespread in most eukaryotic genomes and is known to play a substantial role in various regulatory pathways. Unmethylated cytosines may be converted to uracil through the addition of sodium bisulphite, allowing genome-wide quantification of cytosine methylation via high-throughput sequencing. The data thus acquired allows the discovery of methylation ‘loci’, contiguous regions of methylation consistently methylated across biological replicates. The mapping of these loci allows for associations with other genomic factors to be identified, and for analyses of differential methylation to take place. A statistical model is developed that accounts for biological replication and variable rates of non-conversion of cytosines in each sample to compute posterior likelihoods of methylation at each locus within an empirical Bayesian framework. The same model is used as a basis for analysis of differential methylation between multiple experimental conditions. These analyses are demonstrated on a set of data derived from Dicer-like mutants in Arabidopsis to reveal complex interactions between the different Dicer-like mutants and their methylation pathways.

This talk is part of the Plant Sciences Departmental Seminars series.

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