University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Surfaces, Microstructure and Fracture Group > Diffusion dynamics of adsorbates from tunnelling and other quantum effects

Diffusion dynamics of adsorbates from tunnelling and other quantum effects

Add to your list(s) Download to your calendar using vCal

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Stephen Walley.

The formula proposed by van Hove in 1954 [1] for the dynamical structure factor (DSF) related to particle scattering at mobile adsorbates has recently been extended to the case when the adsorbates’ excited states have finite lifetimes due to relaxation phenomena [2].

The new formula is evaluated quantum mechanically using wavefunctions, energies and lifetimes of vibrational states obtained for H/Pd(111) from first principle calculations. The results are capable of capturing qualitative features of diffusion rates measured for similar systems [3], if one assumes that the total rate obtained from the DSF is the sum of a diffusion and a friction rate.

In this talk, I present the new formula and show how applications perform on similar systems. In particular I show that quantum effects such as tunnelling and resonances might be important for the diffusion of adsorbates even at room temperature.

References

[1] L. van Hove, Phys. Rev. 95, 249{262 (1954).

[2] T. Firmino, R. Marquardt, F. Gatti, W. Dong, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5 4270-4274 (2014).

[3] A. P. Jardine, G. Alexandrowicz, H. Hedgeland, W. Allison, J. Ellis, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11 3355-3374 (2009).

This talk is part of the Surfaces, Microstructure and Fracture Group series.

Tell a friend about this talk:

This talk is included in these lists:

Note that ex-directory lists are not shown.

 

© 2006-2019 Talks.cam, University of Cambridge. Contact Us | Help and Documentation | Privacy and Publicity