University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Evolutionary Genetics Journal Club > Ancient hybridization fuels rapid cichlid fish adaptive radiations

Ancient hybridization fuels rapid cichlid fish adaptive radiations

Add to your list(s) Download to your calendar using vCal

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Ruoyun Hui.

Steven Van Belleghem will be presenting Meier et al’s Ancient hybridization fuels rapid cichlid fish adaptive radiations.

Link https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14363

Abstract Understanding why some evolutionary lineages generate exceptionally high species diversity is an important goal in evolutionary biology. Haplochromine cichlid fishes of Africa’s Lake Victoria region encompass >700 diverse species that all evolved in the last 150,000 years. How this ‘Lake Victoria Region Superflock’ could evolve on such rapid timescales is an enduring question. Here, we demonstrate that hybridization between two divergent lineages facilitated this process by providing genetic variation that subsequently became recombined and sorted into many new species. Notably, the hybridization event generated exceptional allelic variation at an opsin gene known to be involved in adaptation and speciation. More generally, differentiation between new species is accentuated around variants that were fixed differences between the parental lineages, and that now appear in many new combinations in the radiation species. We conclude that hybridization between divergent lineages, when coincident with ecological opportunity, may facilitate rapid and extensive adaptive radiation.

This talk is part of the Evolutionary Genetics Journal Club series.

Tell a friend about this talk:

This talk is included in these lists:

Note that ex-directory lists are not shown.

 

© 2006-2017 Talks.cam, University of Cambridge. Contact Us | Help and Documentation | Privacy and Publicity