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How competition for light and wind resistance shape tree forms

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  • UserChristophe Eloy (École centrale de Marseille; Institut de Recherche sur les Phénomènes Hors Equilibre)
  • ClockThursday 12 October 2017, 15:00-16:30
  • HouseSeminar Room 2, Newton Institute.

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GFS - Growth form and self-organisation

Trees are self-similar branching structures, hierarchically organized with longer and thicker branches near the roots. With a mechanically-based numerical model, we show how self-similarity can emerge through natural selection. In this model, trees grow into fractal structures to promote efficient photosynthesis in a competing environment. In addition, branch diameters increase in response to wind-induced loads. Remarkably, the virtual tree species emerging from this model have the same self-similar properties as those measured on conifers and angiosperms.

This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series.

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