University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Biophysics Colloquia - (Chemistry) > Plasmid addiction and toxin-antitoxin systems : paradigms for the study

Plasmid addiction and toxin-antitoxin systems : paradigms for the study

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Plasmid addiction or Toxin-Antitoxin systems (TA systems)are responsible for post-segregational killing in bacteria when the plasmid harboring the system is lost.These systems are widespread and also a multitude of chromosomally located copies have been found.These might function as regulatory switches under stress conditions. We have mainly studied the structures and biophysics of the CcdA-CcdB (antitoxin /toxin) system. Here the toxin binds Gyrase and induces it to become a poison.The CcdA antitoxin inhibits CcdB’s action,it rejuvenates the Gyrase-Ccdb complex and binding of CcdB turns CcdA into a stronger autoregulatory transcription factor. The interactions systematically involve IDP regions that structure upon binding.The relevant peptides – corresponding to the intrinsically disordered part of CcdA – show remarkably high affinities,also rejuvenate the poisoned Gyrase by an allosteric zipper mechanism and this both in vitro and in vivo.

This talk is part of the Biophysics Colloquia - (Chemistry) series.

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