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Quantum Thermalization Dynamics

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The past decade has seen a great interest in the question about whether and how quantum many-body system locally thermalize. It has been driven by theoretical findings involving the long sought demonstration that many-body localization (MBL) exists as well as the derivation of exact bounds on chaos. In my talk, I will introduce matrix-product state (MPS) based methods that allow for an efficient numerical simulation of the quantum thermalization dynamics. Firstly, I will show that, contrary to the common belief that the rapid growth of entanglement restricts simulations to short times, the long time limit of local observables can be well captured using the MPS based time-dependent variational principle. Secondly, I will consider 1D spin-chains evolving under random local unitary circuits and prove a number of exact results. These results follow from the observation that the spreading of operators in random circuits is described by a ``hydrodynamical’’ equation of motion.

This talk is part of the Theory of Condensed Matter series.

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