University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > CQIF Seminar > Continuous groups of transversal gates for quantum error correcting codes from finite clock reference frames

Continuous groups of transversal gates for quantum error correcting codes from finite clock reference frames

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Preprint available at ArXiv 1902.07725. Also online talk at QIP 2020 . Abstract is as follows.

Following the recent introduction of the task of reference frame error correction, we show how, by using reference frame alignment with clocks, one can add a continuous Abelian group of transversal logical gates to any error-correcting code. With this we further explore a way of circumventing the no-go theorem of Eastin and Knill, which states that if local errors are correctable, the group of transversal gates must be of finite order. We are able to do this by introducing a small error on the decoding procedure that decreases with the dimension of the frames used. Furthermore, we show that there is a direct relationship between how small this error can be and how accurate quantum clocks can be: the more accurate the clock, the smaller the error; and the no-go theorem would be violated if time could be measured perfectly in quantum mechanics. The asymptotic scaling of the error is studied under a number of scenarios of reference frames and error models. The scheme is also extended to errors at unknown locations, and we show how to achieve this by simple majority voting related error correction schemes on the reference frames. In the Outlook, we discuss our results in relation to the AdS/CFT correspondence and the Page-Wooters mechanism.

This talk is part of the CQIF Seminar series.

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