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University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series > Gravity current head formation and microbreaking in shallow water dam break flows with friction

## Gravity current head formation and microbreaking in shallow water dam break flows with frictionAdd to your list(s) Download to your calendar using vCal - Gavin Esler (University College London)
- Tuesday 06 December 2022, 14:00-14:30
- Seminar Room 1, Newton Institute.
If you have a question about this talk, please contact nobody. HY2W05 - Physical applications The study of dam break flows in the inviscid shallow water equations dates back to the similarity solution of Ritter (1892). A natural modification to the problem, considered by Whitham and others, is to add a frictional drag force in the momentum equation. At early times this friction affects Ritter’s solution only in a small but expanding region near the tip of the dam break flow. The solution in this region can be described by a further similarity theory, developed by Hogg and Pritchard. Here we show that, for drag laws commonly used in applications, the Hogg-Pritchard equations – which are known to exhibit critical behaviour – do not admit continuous solutions and must be regularised by a rear-facing hydraulic jump or dispersive shock wave. The solutions therefore give – arguably – the simplest mathematical account of the origin of the gravity current `head’ seen in experiments. Interestingly, if a dispersive shock wave is used to regularise the Hogg-Pritchard equations it must be of a non-standard type, due to the dilation of the local coordinate system. This talk is part of the Isaac Newton Institute Seminar Series series. ## This talk is included in these lists:- All CMS events
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