University of Cambridge > Talks.cam > NLIP Seminar Series > Using Semantics to help learn Phonetic Categories

Using Semantics to help learn Phonetic Categories

Add to your list(s) Download to your calendar using vCal

If you have a question about this talk, please contact Tamara Polajnar.

Computational models of language acquisition seek to replicate human linguistic learning capabilities, such as an infant’s ability to identify the relevant sound categories in a language. A key question such models can address is which aspects of the input are used to solve a given task: is it more effective to focus on only the most relevant cues, or can integrating cues from other domains be helpful? In this talk I will present an extension of a Bayesian model of phonetic categorisation (Feldman et al., 2013). The original model learns a lexicon as well as phonetic vowel categories, incorporating the constraint that phonemes appear in word contexts. However, it has trouble separating minimal pairs (such as ‘cat’/’caught’/’kite’). Our extension adds further information via situational context information, a form of weak semantics or world knowledge, to disambiguate potential minimal pairs. This information leads to better phonetic categorisation, especially when the word contexts are degraded.

This talk is part of the NLIP Seminar Series series.

Tell a friend about this talk:

This talk is included in these lists:

Note that ex-directory lists are not shown.

 

© 2006-2021 Talks.cam, University of Cambridge. Contact Us | Help and Documentation | Privacy and Publicity